The hottest world packaging for a century

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The "super speed" development of industry is the theme of human social development in the 20th century. As a member of the industrial family, the packaging industry is also at its peak. According to the statistics of the World Packaging Organization (WPO), by October 2000, the turnover of the packaging industry had exceeded US $500billion, ranking among the top 10 in the world's total industrial ranking. Let's take a look at the top ten trends of century old packaging

1 standard packaging is the basis of packaging standards. At the beginning of the 20th century, the world's metrology was "diverse", which seriously restricted the development of commodity packaging, storage and transportation and world trade. In 1901, CGPM (C on F é Ren CE g é n é RA Le de s p lid S E T

m e su re s) adopted the definition of "kilogram". In 1926, ISA was founded

In 1960, the 11th International Conference on Metrology (CGPM) adopted and approved by the International Commission on Metrology (CIPM) to implement the international system of units approved by various measures such as early warning of heavy air pollution, which made manufacturers, businesses and consumers happy. The conversion of pounds, ounces, feet and other metric systems that have plagued commodity packaging for hundreds of years has finally been satisfactorily resolved. The full body

shows that measurement is the life of packaging, and packaged goods can finally be freely passed around the world

the international system of units Si (Le sy s t è m e

in te RN a tion a l d  U N ite s) approved and issued by ISO and passed by CGPM has 7 basic units, namely, length meter,

mass kilogram, time second, current ampere, thermodynamic temperature switch, material friction and luminous intensity threshold

there are 2 auxiliary units and 33 export units. These units have been adopted in countries all over the world, which has promoted the standardized development of packaging

the international standards released later mainly include ISO9000 quality standard, iso12000 safety standard,

ISO14000 environmental protection standard and the packaging standard of the international standardization packaging technical committee (ISO/TC122). These standards have greatly promoted the development of international packaging standardization, achieved the global communication of international trade, and will promote the development of packaging globalization in the 21st century

On June 5, 1972, the United Nations held a conference on environment and development in Brazil and issued the Declaration on the human environment. Since then, June 5 has been designated as "World Environment Day", which has triggered a worldwide green packaging revolution

in the past 30 years, green packaging has made rapid progress. In 1975, Germany took the lead in responding to the call of the human environment declaration and launched green packaging - "green dot" packaging logo (Der gr □ ne Punkt)

subsequently, Britain, Canada, Japan, the United States, the European Community and other countries and regions also successively launched green

packaging, setting off a worldwide green boom

In 1992, the United Nations adopted and published Agenda 21. In June, 1993, the international organization for standardization established the environmental protection management committee (ISO/TC207), and promulgated the international environmental protection standard (ISO14000) and implemented it on January 1, 1996. On January 1st, 1999, the international green environmental protection mark (including the

packaging mark) was implemented all over the world, accelerating the process of green packaging

for "green packaging", in addition to the use of green signs (EL), the most substantive

is the development of green, environmentally friendly and degradable packaging materials, of which the most promising is biodegradable


there are about 90million tons of plastics discarded after use in the world every year. To solve this serious problem,

British ICI first developed practical biodegradability in the 1970s ε- Hydroxybutyric acid pentanoic acid copolymer (p3h B/3H V), the trade name is B IOP o all day high narrow amplitude oscillation L (biogenic polymer), and then the Japanese branch of American m on Santo company also produces B IOP o l plastic

biodegradable plastics have developed rapidly. At present, they are mainly being applied: polylactic acid and its

copolymers, polycaprolactone, p3h B/3H V, polybutylene succinate (PBS), polyethylene

butylene succinate (PBSA), polypropylene succinate (PBA), polypropylene adipate

ester (PPA), cellulose ester, cellulose/chitosan, starch/synthetic polymers, And poly

ester copolymers (such as polybutylene succinate/propylene glycol ester), etc

the research on the degradability of degradable plastics has also made rapid progress. In 1985, the American Society for testing and materials (ASTM) first began its research. In 1989, Japan established the "Degradable Plastics Research Association" and also set foot in this field, and then formulated national standards. At the same time, ISO also pays close attention to and formulates ISO standards

although the price of biodegradable plastics is relatively expensive (about 400-800 yen/kg), which will affect the promotion and application, its price will gradually decrease with the development of science and technology and production technology

it is expected that biodegradable plastics will have greater development in the early 21st century

3 space packaging has great potential

space packaging began in space. At 22:56:20 on July 20, 1969, the American Apollo spacecraft successfully landed on the moon. Astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin returned to earth safely after landing on the moon, which proved the success of the space life support packaging system

as early as 1903, Russian scientist ziolkovsky first proposed to go into space. In 1926, Braun of the United States conceived the spaceship, and then carried out the weightless packaging test in space

On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Gagarin flew around the earth in the "Oriental 1" spacecraft for 108 minutes, opening up a new era of human spaceflight

space is a very complex and completely different environment from the earth. Astronauts' clothing, food, housing and transportation

must be specially packaged, especially in weightlessness, the human body's

packaging is more important, especially when landing on the moon. Since 1958, the Soviet Union has undergone a long test for 10 years, which ended in failure and finally had to give up. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, it was even more powerless to continue

in order to take the lead in landing on the moon, the United States invested 4million people and $24billion, and finally won the first place.

and developed hundreds of space packaged foods. It is reported that by December 2000, 760 people from 28

countries in the world had entered space and 27 people had landed on the moon. Spacepack, the packaging of products produced in the space factory, will also be successful

on November 20, 1999, China's "Shenzhou" manned space test spacecraft lifted off successfully, and the five-star red flag, which has been "baptized" by space, fluttered on Tiananmen Square. The packaged crop seeds have been irradiated by space and now have a bumper harvest

4 joint development in the information age

on September 6, 1968, the World Packaging Organization (WPO) was officially established, which created favorable conditions for the development of packaging in the world

on December 21, 1980, China Packaging Technology Association was established and successively joined the world packaging group

wowpo and the Asian Packaging Federation, which played a great role in promoting the development of China's packaging industry. In 1987, China won two WPO Awards - "world star" award for the first time

in 1984, China Packaging Technology Association officially became a member of the packaging technology committee of the international organization for Standardization (ISO/TC122). In 1999, the 22nd ISO conference was held in Beijing. Chinese bags

enter the international family

The information age began in the 1970s. On September 2, 1969, scientists at the University of California created the Internet. In 1994, the world set off an upsurge of "information superhighway", and Internet began to develop globally. In 1995, Microsoft Corporation of the United States launched a new software "W ind ow S95", which became a model of information technology

In 1999, Internet became the largest information exchange and resource utilization system in the world, creating a new work and life mode for people. According to statistics, the number of people in the world has exceeded 200million

19 it is estimated that by 2019, the China Packaging Association will be connected with In-ternet, marking that China's packaging industry has entered the information age, which will surely promote the development of e-commerce in the 21st century (B-C, B-B, C-C)

in 1996, the world economic and Trade Organization (OECD) proposed "a new era of knowledge economy". In 1997, the packaging industry in China put forward a new concept of "knowledge packaging". Information network is conducive to the development and progress of knowledge packaging

small information base (packaging bar code) is developing rapidly. In 1981, the international coding Association Ian was established, and the ean code was adopted. In the 1990s, two-dimensional code was applied, and in 1997, two-dimensional code

(417 code) was popularized in China. In 1999, China became a major bar code country in the world, with more than 50000 manufacturers and more than 50

10000 products (packaging) using bar codes, which promoted the development of trade globalization

5 jointly protect packaging property rights

with the prosperity of international trade, the protection of intellectual property rights in product packaging is becoming increasingly important. The Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property was first signed in Paris on March 20, 1883. After many amendments, now the Paris Convention of 1967 is implemented by all countries. China joined the group on November 14th, 1984, which now has more than 100 countries

On July 14, 1967, at the Stockholm Conference, 51 countries signed and established the World Intellectual Property Organization IPO, which, as a specialized agency of the United Nations, protects the following property rights: trademark rights,

factory name rights, copyright, invention rights, discovery rights, audio-visual rights, sample rights (industrial products), the right to prevent

unfair competition and other rights. China joined the organization on March 3, 1980, and the organization now has more than 100 countries. The United Nations Millennium Summit held in September 2000 also discussed economic globalization and the protection of property rights, which will usher in a new century of property rights protection

regional protection organizations (treaties) include the Madrid Agreement of 1971, the trade mark registration treaty TRT of 1973, the African Intellectual Property Organization (1962), the mutual economic association agreement (1973), and non-governmental international organizations such as the International Association for the protection of industrial property rights, the Pacific Industrial Property Association, and so on

product packaging trademarks are more protected by their countries, mainly including the British Trademark Law (1938), the Soviet Union Trademark Law (1944), the American Trademark Law (1946), the French Trademark Law (1975), the Japanese Trademark Law (1975), the Chinese Trademark Law (1982), and international agreements such as the nice agreement (1957) Vienna agreement (1973), Pan American trademark Convention (1929), Paris Convention (1967 Revision), etc

6 colorful beautify the world

beautiful metal foil packaging began in the early 20th century, when aluminum foil was the most expensive packaging material,

in Europe and the United States, it was known as "gold paper" and "silver paper" as high-end packaging

at the end of the 19th century, aluminum, which was "rare as precious", was 100 times more expensive than gold and silver. The king of Denmark and the emperor of France were extremely proud of using aluminum as crown jewelry. In 1903, French engineers introduced aluminum foil samples, which were few and expensive

in 1910, the Swiss engineer r · V · n eh Er invented the continuous rolling method,

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