The general characteristics and Strategies of ERP

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There are many similarities and differences between the implementation of group enterprise financial management informatization project and the implementation of a single enterprise ERP project. The same thing is that they all need to learn from the methods and technologies of project management and carry out the implementation work in combination with the characteristics of management software; The difference is that they have their own unique characteristics and need to adopt different implementation strategies and methods according to these characteristics

as far as the informatization of financial management of group enterprises is concerned, its characteristics can be summarized as follows:

(1) there are many implementation entities and many levels of entities.

obviously, there will be many legal entities in the group enterprises, and each unit needs to carry out independent accounting treatment. Moreover, among these legal entities, there are various close or loose controlling and controlled relationships, and there are also complicated connected transactions among them

the difficulty of implementation lies in the fact that in addition to dealing with the accounts of a single enterprise, they also need to summarize, offset and consolidate layer by layer. The management and reconciliation of various internal transactions, with good durability, and the automatic preparation of various offset entries will be the main difficulties in implementation

(2) the industry is diversified, and the standards are difficult to unify.

within a group, few enterprises belong to a certain industry, most of them are industrial, commercial, construction, transportation, and even many comprehensive groups of agriculture, administrative undertakings and other industries

the difficulty of implementation lies in how to carry out unified management? This includes the unification of accounts, reports and accounting methods. How to make the business performance of each enterprise horizontal and vertical comparability? These are one of the goals for diversified enterprises to implement management informatization, and also the main driving force for group enterprises to promote management informatization

(3) wide geographical range and large management range

in fact, the legal entities in the group may be scattered in various parts of China, and some may even be abroad. The differences in geographical scope and communication methods require enterprises to adopt appropriate product deployment schemes

then, how to effectively manage, monitor and control the regional differences? How to conduct comprehensive query and analysis and make strategic decisions for the group? The construction of informatization of financial management in enterprise groups should be able to meet the needs and requirements of such management

(4) there is a certain foundation, and the high-end application is poor.

within a group, due to regional differences, the development of economic, scientific and technological levels in various places will vary greatly, and the quality of personnel in different legal entities will also vary greatly. From the perspective of the group, on the whole, they will have a common foundation, and the relevant technology and level may be ahead of other enterprises. However, there must be great differences among various units in the group. Due to the impact of these factors, some high-end applications within the group simply cannot be realized

however, the implementation of informatization projects will not be affected by their respective basic level. If the group of Novartis and Novartis, a joint venture of Novartis and Novartis, can make great efforts to improve their basic level.It is said that the management of the company is directly related to the management of the company

(5). The top management pays more attention to it, and the implementation requirements are high.

due to the large number of units and personnel involved, and the key information of the enterprise - financial data. Therefore, the major leaders of enterprises will pay close attention to and have high expectations, especially for the use of financial information. How to provide real and comprehensive supporting data for strategic decision-making is often their main concern. Virtually, this will also add some difficulty to the implementation of the group's financial projects

in order to achieve the success of the group's financial management informatization project, in addition to the implementation and implementation strategies in accordance with the scientific implementation methods (such as defining the implementation scope, clarifying the implementation objectives, formulating a detailed implementation plan, establishing a full-time project team, pilot first and then promote, step by step, etc.), we should also pay attention to the implementation strategies in the following aspects:

(1), centralized training Centralized initialization

when training and initialization are carried out simultaneously in multiple companies, if the training and initialization are carried out separately, many additional consultant resources will be required. This problem is generally difficult to solve. Even if there are so many consultants, it is difficult to ensure that they can work in a unified way, and the work effect is difficult to guarantee

then, how to make the training and initialization effect reach the expected goal? How to make the implementation work proceed smoothly as planned? How to make them accept uniform standards and methods? That is, centralized training and initialization

even if the complete centralized training and centralized initialization cannot be carried out, it is better to concentrate in pieces. If the centralized training cannot be carried out in pieces, at least adopt a unified scheme, use a unified method, use a unified data, and do a good job in coordination and overall planning

(2) unified accounting method, unified subject dictionary, unified report format

unified accounting method is the basic requirement for standardizing the group's financial management, and is the basis for standardizing the group's financial management process, improving data comparability, improving the quality of decision support information, and improving the quality and efficiency of the group's financial management. This batch of joints is unqualified product work. A unified account dictionary is a necessary condition for the smooth implementation of a unified accounting method. It is the basis for a unified report format and access formula. Unifying the report format is the key to improving the group

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